TEAS English and Language Usage Quiz Answer Explanations

1. Which sentence below does not contain an error in comma usage for dates?

    Answer: My niece arrives from Australia on Monday, February 4, 2016.
    Explanation: It is necessary to put a comma between the date and the year and between the day of the week and the month. “My cousin’s wedding this Saturday June 9, conflicts with my best friend’s birthday party. ” is incorrect because it is missing the comma between the day of the week and the month. “The project is due on Tuesday, May, 17, 2016.” is incorrect because it adds an unnecessary comma between the month and date. “I can’t get a flight home until Thursday September 21.” is missing the necessary comma between day of the week and month.

2. The stress of preparing for the exam was starting to take its toll on me.
In the preceding sentence, what part of speech is the word stress?

    Answer: Noun
    Explanation: In this sentence, the word stress is a noun. While the word stress can also act as a verb, in this particular case, it functions as a noun as the subject of the sentence. The word stress cannot be used as an adjective or adverb, so these answers are also incorrect.

3. Select the sentence in which the word counter functions as an adjective.

    Answer: Her counter argument was very well presented and logically thought out.
    Explanation: In this sentence, the word counter functions as an adjective that modifies the word argument. “The kitchen counter was marred and scratched from years of use.” is incorrect because the word counter functions as a noun. “He countered my offer for the car, but it was still much higher than I was prepared to pay. ” is incorrect because the word counter functions as a verb. “Some of the board’s proposals ran counter to the administration’s policies.” is incorrect because the word counter functions as an adverb.

4. In which of the following sentences does the pronoun correctly agree with its antecedent?

    Answer: Human beings on the planet have the right to their share of clean water, food, and shelter.
    Explanation: This sentence correctly uses the plural pronoun their, which agrees in number with its antecedent, human beings. “Human beings on the planet have the right to his share of clean water, food, and shelter.” is incorrect because his is a singular pronoun and does not agree in number with the antecedent. “Human beings on the planet have the right to its share of clean water, food, and shelter.” is incorrect because its is a singular pronoun and usually refers to an object. “Human beings on the planet have the right to her share of clean water, food, and shelter.” is incorrect because her is a singular pronoun and does not agree with the antecedent.

5. Identify the compound sentence from the following examples:

    Answer: Felix plays the guitar in my roommate’s band, and Alicia is the lead vocalist.
    Explanation: This is a compound sentence because it joins two independent clauses, “Felix plays the guitar in my roommate’s band” and “Alicia is the lead vocalist”, with a comma and the coordinating conjunction and. “John and Adam met for coffee before going to class.” and “As I was leaving, my dad called and needed to talk.” are simple sentences, each containing one independent clause with a complete subject and predicate. “John and Adam met for coffee before going to class.” does contain a compound subject, John and Adam, and “I ran before work and went to the gym afterward for an hour or so.” contains a compound predicate, ran and went, but they are still simple sentences that only contain one independent clause. “As I was leaving, my dad called and needed to talk.” is a complex sentence because it contains one dependent clause, As I was leaving, and one independent clause, my dad called and needed to talk. This sentence also contains a compound predicate, called and needed.

6. Identify the sentence that uses correct subject-verb agreement.

    Answer: Identify the sentence that uses correct subject-verb agreement.
    Explanation: The simple subject of this sentence, Everyone, although it names a group, is a singular noun and therefore agrees with the singular verb form has. “Each of the students have completed the final project and presentation.” is incorrect because the simple subject each does not agree with the plural verb form have. In “Many players on the basketball team was injured in last night’s game.”, the plural subject players does not agree with the singular verb form was. In “My friends from school has been trying to talk me in to dance classes.”, the plural subject friends does not agree with the singular verb form has.

7. My favorite teacher gave _______ and _______ extra credit on our project.

    Answer: him, me
    Explanation: This is the correct answer because the pronouns him and me are in the objective case. Him and me are the indirect objects of the verb gave. “me, him” is incorrect because the personal pronoun in this case, me, should always go last. “he, I” and “him, I” are incorrect because they contain at least one subjective pronoun.

8. Which of these sentences uses correct punctuation?

    Answer: We traveled through six states on our road trip: Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, and Montana.
    Explanation: In this sentence, a colon is correctly used to introduce a series of items. “We traveled through six states on our road trip; Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, and Montana.” incorrectly uses a semicolon to introduce the series of states. “We traveled through six states on our road trip — Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, and Montana.” incorrectly uses a dash to introduce the series. “We traveled through six states on our road trip, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, and Montana.” is incorrect because it incorrectly uses a comma to introduce the series.

9. Which of the following sentences uses passive voice?

    Answer: My car was terribly dented by hail during the storm the other night.
    Explanation: In this sentence, the subject car is acted upon, rather than completing the action of the sentence. To put this sentence into active voice, the subject should be the hail. Example: The hail during the storm the other night terribly dented my car. All the other sentences use active voice because the subject is completing the action of the sentence.

10. The following sentence contains what kind of error?

    Answer: Comma splice
    Explanation: A comma splice occurs when a comma is used to join two independent clauses together without the additional use of an appropriate conjunction. One way to remedy this problem is to replace the comma with a semicolon. Another solution is to add a conjunction: “Some workers use all their sick leave, but other workers cash out their leave.” Parallelism is incorrect as that refers to the consistent use of sentence structure and verb tense; all tenses and structures in this sentence are consistent. Sentence fragment is incorrect because that is a phrase or clause that cannot stand alone—this sentence contains two independent clauses. Subject-verb agreement is incorrect because that refers to the proper conjugation of a verb relative to the subject, and all verbs have been properly conjugated.